Philosophy: Locke in Contexts, New York: Cambridge University Press,. . Governments are motivated by the quest for power, not truth, and are unlikely to be good guides in religious matters. Private Property: The History of an Idea. The legislature is still bound by the law of nature and much of what it does is set down laws that further the goals of natural law and specify appropriate punishments for them (2.135). Here Strauss argues that Locke's theory of property is reflective of the individualism that leads to the "spirit of capitalism 44 an individualism that was a more advanced expression of the political philosophy of Hobbes. That the views Locke was trying to insinuate in his writings were Hobbesian, as Strauss and Cox maintain, does not necessarily follow. 28 29 Locke's theory of association heavily influenced the subject matter of modern psychology. On his analysis, the sufficiency argument is crucial for Lockes argument to be plausible.
Two Treatises are far from decisive. Essay.20) and claim that he must agree with Hobbes about the essentially self-interested nature first aid kit thesis of human beings. Still, it is important to remember that none of these interpretations claims that Lockes state of nature is only a thought experiment, in the way Kant and Rawls are normally thought to use the concept. Tuckness, however, has argued that there is an asymmetry between the two cases because Locke also talks about states being limited in the goals that they can pursue. Thus it would not stop someone who used religious persecution for some end other than religious conversion, such as preserving the peace. Here, he claims, Locke believes that the economic contract, (the agreement to use money) allows men to satisfy irrational desires and distorts intrinsic value of things while the political contract serves to overcome and regulate the anti-social results of these basically irrational pursuits. A related question has to do with the extent of our obligation once consent has been given. Several Papers Relating to Money, Interest and Trade, Etc. In addition to these and similar religious arguments, Locke gives three reasons that are more philosophical in nature for barring governments from using force to encourage people to adopt religious beliefs ( Works 6:1012).
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